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THE ASTRONOMICAL WORK OF SADR AL-SHARICAH : AN ISLAMIC RESPONSE TO GREEK ASTRONOMY

Ahmad  S. DALLAL

 

Univ.

Columbia

Spec.

Islamic Studies

Deg.

Year

#Pages

Ph.D.

1990

375

 

This dissertation explores the astronomical work of the fourteenth centrury Bukharan astronomer CUbayd Allah b. MasCud Sadr al‑ShariCah al‑Thani (d.1347 AD).

Sadr al‑ShariCah was a religious scholar who produced several renowned works, of which "The adjustment of the Configuration of the Celestial Spheres" is his only work on astronomy. The work is in the tradition of an ongoing original astronomical research aimed at reforming Ptolemaic astronomy. In particular, it has the form of a critical commentary on the classic works of Nasir al‑Din al‑Tusi (d.1274), and Qutb al‑Din al ‑Shirazi (d.1311), who, along with other astronomers of the Maraghah school, set the tone for the astronomical research in the following two centuries, and perhaps until the eventual demise of Ptolemaic astronomy.

The work of Sadr al‑ShariCah is of interest for more than one reason:on one hand, it sheds more light on the development and achievements of the above‑mentioned tradition of astronomical research. On the other hand, it supplies further evidence for creativity and originality, well beyond the eleventh century, in a period often viewed in classical literature as a period of cultural decline and stagnation.

Furthermore, Sadr al‑ShariCah's knowledge of and competence in a diverse variety of disciplines is an interesting example of the state of education and level of scholarship in a fourteenth century Muslim urban setting.

The Founder

Rafik Hariri philanthropic and developmental contributions are countless. The most remarkable being the multifaceted support to educate more than 36,000 Lebanese university students within Lebanon, and beyond.

Rafik Hariri philanthropic and developmental contributions are countless. The most remarkable being the multifaceted support to educate more than 36,000 Lebanese university students within Lebanon, and beyond.

Rafik Hariri philanthropic and developmental contributions are countless. The most remarkable being the multifaceted support to educate more than 36,000 Lebanese university students within Lebanon, and beyond.

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