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THE SOCIAL CONTEXT OF NEWS PRODUCTION : INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL INFLUENCES ON THE ARAB PRESS IN LONDON AND BEIRUT

Mahmoud  H.  TARABAY

 

Univ.

Leicester

Spec.

Mass Communication

Deg.

Year

Pages

Ph.D.

1994

295

 

This study examines the internal and external influences on the news production process in the Arab newsrooms in London and Beirut. It does so by combining three theoretical approaches for the study of news production: The political economy approach, the social organization of news approach and the culturological approach.

In collecting data, three methods were employed: participant observation in the newsrooms interviews with journalists and analysis of the newspapers content. At the macro‑level, the study focuses on the external influences on the news production process in the newsrooms of two Arab newspapers in London and two Arab newspapers in Beirut. The influences are those related to ownership and control, commercial determinants (advertising and circulation) and media-society linkages.

Regarding the media‑society linkages, the research examines censorship, London and Beirut as specific and different "ideological environments", the occupational role and the professional ideologies of the Arab journalists, and the prospects for the Arab national press. At the micro‑level, the study explores journalistic practices by focusing on two main dimensions: (I) the news gathering process, with special emphasis on the interaction between the Arab journalists and news sources; (2) the news selection process, with special emphasis on the news values.

This study concludes that the use of three theoretical approaches to understand the influences on the news production process demands some qualifications. Such qualifications are necessary for a better understanding of the Arab press in London and Beirut. It also concludes that the use of three methods is useful for tackling the complexities of press organizations.

The Founder

Rafik Hariri philanthropic and developmental contributions are countless. The most remarkable being the multifaceted support to educate more than 36,000 Lebanese university students within Lebanon, and beyond.

Rafik Hariri philanthropic and developmental contributions are countless. The most remarkable being the multifaceted support to educate more than 36,000 Lebanese university students within Lebanon, and beyond.

Rafik Hariri philanthropic and developmental contributions are countless. The most remarkable being the multifaceted support to educate more than 36,000 Lebanese university students within Lebanon, and beyond.

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